The uneven distribution of pre-salt resources

For almost seven years, the Supreme Court (Supreme Court) maintains a certain rule for the distribution of pre-salt resources due to a lawsuit filed by the State of Rio de Janeiro. With this, there is a huge concentration of royalties in some cities and consequently others suffer from the low volume of appeal. The new production frontier around the Santos Basin, for example, is creating a core of very rich municipalities.

In southern Rio and northern São Paulo, lula’s field is already responsible for one third of national oil production. Another example is Maricá, a city in the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro with 157,000 inhabitants, which will receive R$ 1.9 billion in royalties and a special oil participation in 2020, according to projections by an anp (National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels).

In the past, Macaé and Campos dos Goytacazes were the main beneficiaries. Today, the coastal cities of Ilhabela (SP), Saquarema (RJ) and Niterói (RJ) also joined the group of those that receive the most resources.

However, this distribution system is unbalanced even between producing states and benefits few cities to the detriment of Most. São Gonçalo, in Rio, for example, with one million inhabitants, will receive only R$ 30 million in 2020.

What comes into play now are the R$ 59 billion of the resources that will be distributed in 2020. For ipea researcher (Institute of Applied Economic Research), Sergio Gobetti, “in addition to producing a very unfair concentration of resources in a few hands, generates tax laziness and low quality of spending,” Gobetti said.

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