Fuels are the raw materials responsible for energy production. They are divided into two categories: fossils – originated from the decomposition of organic waste: petroleum, coal, natural gas, waste – and biofuels – produced from biomass, a more sustainable alternative compared to Fossil fuels –.
Biofuels are renewable sources of energy that can be of animal origin – using pork fat or chicken for the production of biodiesel, for example – or vegetable – babassu, beet, sugarcane, maize, soy, among other crops, and from them BioEthanol, and biomass that generate energy – are produced.
Like fossil fuels, biofuels also generate CO2 from their combustion, but the difference that makes them more sustainable is in their production: because they are fuels that originate from vegetables, for their manufacture is Planting or in Natura plant extractivism is necessary. Thus, there is compensation for gases emitted in the production.
According to the National Petroleum Agency (ANP), Brazil is currently the pioneer country in the use of biofuels, with about 45% of the energy and 18% of renewable fuels.
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