A recent study by the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) and the International Financial Corporation (IFC) places Brazil as one of the greatest potentials for offshore wind power generation in the world. It is one of the most modern renewable energy technologies, based on harnessing the strength of the wind blowing on the high seas. The study, which also analyzes India, Morocco and the Philippines, shows that Brazil has offshore wind potential of 1,228 terawatts.
In offshore wind farms fixed or floating turbines installed far from the coast, on the high seas, in not too deep waters are used. Locations are used away from marine traffic routes, and the wind reaches a higher and more constant speed due to the absence of barriers. It is a more complex, time-consuming and expensive construction than the onshore version, but technological improvements have been cheaping generation costs.
It's an expanding sector. The first offshore wind farm was installed in 1991 in Denmark, and until recently remained restricted primarily to Europe and China. With the cheapie of costs, it becomes more interesting for developing economies such as Brazil. According to the ESMAP report, capacity will grow between 7 and 11 gigawatts (GW) per year by 2024, reaching between 15 and 21 GW/year from 2025 to 2030, when investments in this power generation are expected to reach US$ 700 billion worldwide.ACESSE AS REDES DA PANORAMA OFFSHORE: