More and more, Brazilians leave the country with the intention of not coming back. This trend, which increases year after year, has been recorded by the IRS. In 2011, the organ recorded the definitive exit of 8,170 people. In 2017, at least 21,701 definitive outputs were recorded — an increase of 165%.
The number of people who do not have a fixed residence in Brazil can be even greater, since the definitive exit does not account for children who have moved to other countries with their parents and other family members who may not declare income tax.
The definitive output is a document made by the Federal revenue in which the citizen declares that he has no more income in Brazil and that he will establish residence in another country.
Lawyer Daniel Toledo, an expert in international law, states that the request for definitive exit does not mean that the person ceases to be Brazilian or will automatically receive the citizenship of the country where he is going to live. These are different procedures.
Toledo himself asked for the definitive exit when he went to live in the United States. According to the lawyer, this is a measure to avoid bitaxation, i.e. the collection of income tax in both countries.
For the professor of international relations of Uerj, Maurício Santoro, this ever-increasing desire to leave Brazil cannot be explained only by one factor.
He cites at least three possibilities: economic crisis, political instability and fear of violence.
"It's not j[a questão da]ust economics, it's not just the fact that the country is living a high unemployment moment. It is a broader feeling than that, of concern for Brazil and of hopelessness, "says the professor.
Estimates are higher
The number of Brazilians who cut all ties with the country is only a small percentage of those who leave Brazil to live abroad.
According to estimates made by Itamaraty, about 3 million Brazilians are living in other places of the world temporarily to work or study.
The Itamaraty is not responsible for registering the Brazilians that are abroad, so it is possible that this number is even greater, since it does not take into account the Brazilian immigrants in irregular situation.
For Toledo, this increase in Brazilians who want to live permanently in other countries is a change of profile.
In the United States, a country that is still the most wanted by Brazilians who wish to live abroad, the presidency of Donald Trump has had some effects. The lawyer says it's not so simple now for an immigrant to get jobs.
"It's not very common for people to come to the United States today looking for jobs, they've been wanting to undertake," he says, referring to legal immigration.
Santoro believes that in addition to the economy, another fundamental factor for Brazilians to choose to live in the United States and Portugal — another very chosen country — is the cultural issue.
"The two countries have a culture similar to the Brazilian, which facilitates adaptation, besides being receptive to immigrants."
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