According to the Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME), the biomass is the second largest source of energy generation in Brazil and comes from a material consisting mainly of substances of organic origin, i.e. animals and vegetables. Through the combustion of firewood, sugarcane bagasse, residues rice husks and animal excrement, for example, that energy is produced.
However, its misuse can cause deforestation of many areas, loss of soil nutrients, erosions and excessive emission of Gases. However, this form of production also brings many benefits for having a Low operating cost, ease of storage and transportation and high efficiency Energy. In addition, it is considered a clean source, which emits less gases pollutants and their waste can be reused.
There are varied forms of production and among them, they are:
Pyrolysis: Biomass suffers the impact of high temperatures and the absence of oxygen, which causes it to decompose, generating mixture of liquid gases (vegetable oils) and solid gases (charcoal);
Gasification: Similar to pyrolysis, but biomass is subjected to a lower temperature and the result is only a flammable gas;
Combustion: One of the most common ways. Biomass suffers impact of high temperatures and a strong presence of oxygen, which will produce steam high pressure (usually used in boilers or to move turbines).
Co-combustion: By replacing the part of the coal in the biomass thermal power plants, this way significantly reduces the emission of pollutants. It functions as a very attractive and economical choice.ACESSE AS REDES DA PANORAMA OFFSHORE: