Despite being one of the world's largest oil producers — unlike derivatives — gasoline still weighs heavily in the final consumer's pocket. The high cost is mainly due to the higher tax burden of the country, and the shortage of refineries in the Brazilian territory, which places Brazil as a hostage of the international market for importing fuel.
Petrobras ' monopoly in the sector is also an influential factor in this conjuncture that problematizes the value of gasoline in Brazil. Since the price policy adopted by the company, which readjusts the values without notice, consumers are suscable to be caught by surprise and have no alternative to not paying high for the fuel.
Contrary to what many think, Brazil refinines oil. Although our refining park still does not have the capacity to meet the demand for derivatives — see policy adopted, and, without forgetting that 2/3 of Brazilian oil is considered medium and heavy, which makes refining difficult. Unfortunately, the refineries in the country are not sufficient for lack of planning in the short, medium and long term. The current government, in turn, reduced investments in production in the refineries by 50%, aiming at outsourcing.
If Brazil does not invest in refineries, on the other hand, it encourages the sale and production of automobiles. This causes the demand for fuel to rise, which consequently generates a greater need for importation. With an absolutely questionable national tax policy, consisting of the costly amounts of foreign exchange market policy based on the dollar, it remains for the population to pay dearly the supply of their vehicles in the country.
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