Birthplace of the Industrial Revolution, England will have in 2019, for the first time in history, more electricity from renewable sources (solar, wind and water) than petroleum derivatives. Also for the first time, in April, in the United States, the generation by clean sources exceeded that of coal. Little did the Donald Trump government have created the Affordable Clean Energy (ACE) Law, more complacent with pollution than Barack Obama's former Clean Power Plan (CPP).
An even more powerful law is in favor of green energy: the law of the market. The advancement of solar generators, wind generators and large batteries is making fossil fuels comparatively expensive. "Around 2030, these three technologies will offer lower generation cost than gas or coal mills almost anywhere in the world," says Matthias Kimmel, chief analyst of BloombergNEF's 2019 report (BNEF).
The British consultancy Wood Mackenzie predicts that in 2035 the turning point will occur, from which, by market conditions, clean sources will become the obvious choice of any type of project — in transportation, construction, industry, trade, whatever. The deadline is too long in the face of the threat of climate change, but has become close enough to affect business plans. In Brazil, the new energy matrix, more flexible and even greener, opens opportunities and leads to another change. In a country so extensive and sunny, with solar panels increasingly cheaper and efficient, power generation will happen everywhere. The phenomenon was already expected, but its imminence makes it gain weight in the strategy of the companies in the sector. "Companies and even residences no longer depend on distributors, and they produce their own electricity," says Miguel darts, CEO of EDP in Brazil, which invoices with distribution. "This changes the role of the consumer and also the energy distributors."
The growth of prosumers — those who act in the network as producers and consumers at the same time — profoundly changes the role of electricity distributors. Before they were owners of feudal, sovereign suppliers within their concession. It was sufficient to maintain the network, read light frames, issue boletos. Now you need to do this with decreasing costs — to stay competitive — and profit from self-generation projects. For the Shopping Village Mall in Rio de Janeiro, EDP designed and built a solar power plant of R $30 million — the shopping center entered with the money and the distributor, with the knowledge. In the contract to supply the Bank of Brazil from 2019 to 2023, will enter the investment and sell the energy. The bank will save R $5 million. The electric will win R $86 million for a service that exceeds its concession area. "EDP is becoming a new company, with other logic and other clientele. Now, we seek partnerships in the entire country, "says Arrowheads.
The company brought together the employees responsible for new ideas, previously divided into departments, in the "Innovation Lounge" — a kind of coworking. The first idea of this team was EDP Smart, in practice a solution store. The external incentive programs for innovation revealed two startups who now received investment from EDP Ventures: The Delfos cearense, which uses artificial intelligence and machine learning for the preventive maintenance of wind turbines; and Dom Rock, which uses artificial intelligence and data analysis to extract and organize scattered information, such as customer complaints. By launching the entire current prescription of stimulus to innovation, EDP plans to leverage the shock of free competition to profit more.
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