Solar energy guarantees seventh position in the energy matrix

Since the beginning of 2019, the photovoltaic solar energy market has an encouraging trajectory having surpassed nuclear energy and assuming the position of the seventh most representative source in the Brazilian energy matrix, exceeding the mark of 2,000 megawatts (MW) of operational power.

The estimate is that the source exceeds the mark of 3,000 MW still in 2019, attracting to Brazil more than R $5.2 billion in new private investments, with the installation of more than 1,000 MW additional in small, medium and large systems, according to projections of Brazilian Association of Photovoltaic Solar Energy (ABSOLAR).

The prognostics are good, but they are still far from representing the true potential that photovoltaic solar energy has to offer to Brazil, a country with one of the largest generation potentials of this renewable source in the world.

Currently, the growth of photovoltaic solar energy is still strongly dependent on projects developed in the regulated contracting environment (ACR), that is, in the so-called “captive Market”, consisting of electricity auctions organized by Federal government, such as the A-4 and A-6 that will occur this year, as well as distributed generation projects serving captive consumers in low and medium voltage.

However, there is another still little explored universe and great potential for expansion to the source: the Free Contracting Environment (ACL), namely the so-called energy-free market.

The photovoltaic solar source offers increasingly competitive prices and already inferior to those of other renewable sources, such as CGHs, Shp and biomass, resulting from the reduction of equipment prices and the fierce competition between entrepreneurs.

With this, photovoltaic solar energy has all the necessary features to become the propellant spring of the next big leap of the dynamic energy-free market in the short, medium and long term.

In addition, the ongoing transformations in the electrical sector will contribute positively to a promising scenario of the photovoltaic solar source.

The first of these is the new configuration of the sector’s load levels, which came into effect this year, bringing an important appreciation of the price of the source, given its peak generation at times of heavy load, which will pass from 3 to 12 hours of validity , from mid-morning until the beginning of the night.

In this scenario the photovoltaic solar source will have a new significant appreciation because the current simulations of time prices indicate that the supply source most of its generation at times when electricity is more demanded and, consequently, more Valuable and with a higher price.

Thus, in addition to helping the system, the source will provide greater savings to consumers and profitability to investors, when compared to sources that have most of their generation in the hours of the night and Dawn.

It will also represent a relief to the entire electrical system at high daytime demand times, as in the hot summer months, and will reduce the need to dispatch emergency thermoelectric, costly and pollutant, to meet the demand of consumers.

Thus, in addition to bringing greater competitiveness to photovoltaic solar source, these evolutions will contribute to a more efficient, efficient, realistic, transparent, sustainable and competitive electricity market.

Very soon, photovoltaic solar energy projects in the ACL will represent a new sea of opportunity and will contribute to the competitiveness of important segments of our economy, such as shopping malls, supermarkets, factories, among others.

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