Fuels are the raw materials responsible for energy production. They are divided into two categories: fossils – originated from from the decomposition of organic waste: oil, coal, gas natural, waste – and biofuels – produced from biomass, a more sustainable alternative compared to fossil fuels.
Biofuels are sources renewable energy that can be of animal origin – using pig fat or chicken for biodiesel production, for example – or vegetable – babassu, beetroot, sugarcane, corn, soybeans, among other crops, and from them are bioethanol, and biomass that generate energy.
Just like fossil fuels, biofuels also generate CO2 from their combustion, but the difference that make them more sustainable is in their production: because these are fuels originating from the vegetables, for their manufacture planting or plant extraction in natura is required. Thus, there is compensation for gases emitted in the production.
According to the Agency National Petroleum (ANP), currently Brazil is the pioneer country in the use of biofuels, with about 45% of energy and 18% of fuels Renewable.ACESSE AS REDES DA PANORAMA OFFSHORE: