Coming directly from oil deposits, natural gas is a fossil fuel and extremely versatile, used for various purposes besides being a great source of energy. In Brazil, it is found mainly in the seas of the coast, and the largest reserves are located in the states of Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo and Bahia.
Basically, the production of natural gas is done in six stages: exploration, exploration, production and processing in the field, processing, transportation and storage and distribution. Learn about the following:
- Exploration: Demographic studies are conducted in order to verify the possible occurrence or not of natural gas in a given region.
- Plotting: This step consists of the installation of all necessary infrastructure for the removal of natural gas through well drilling.
- Production and Processing in the field: At this stage is made the separation of possible "contaminants" that are not of interest in the composition of natural gas, as traces of oil from the extraction.
- Beneficiation: it is done in petrochemicals, and at this stage the heavy fractions are removed and the by-products originated through natural gas are produced.
- Transportation and storage: Transportation is done through pipelines and storage is not common in Brazil, only in cold climate countries, aiming to form a stock for harsh winters.
- Distribution: It is made throughout the country and takes the product to the final consumer.