The Federal Public Prosecutor's Office (MPF) intends to prevent the auction of exploratory maritime blocks expected to take place on October 10th. Thus, the MPF asks for the withdrawal of 7 of the 42 blocks that will be bidders, because its exploitation would cause potential damage to the Marine National Park of Abrolhos, located in the region of the South Atlantic Ocean. The 7 blocks are distributed throughout the region of the Bahia coast.
The 16th bidding round will be promoted by the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP). For MPF, such blocks should not go to auction without previous environmental studies, especially because they are in sensitive areas from the environmental point of view. They respond to the action, initiated on the last day 18/9, the union, the ANP and the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (Ibama).
The locality of Abrolhos houses the largest oceanic biodiversity in the South Atlantic and was the first Marine National Park to be recognized in Brazil, through the Decree 88.218/1983. There can be found the main nursery of humpback whales, in addition to important areas of breeding and feeding of birds and sea turtles.
According to Ibama's opinion, in the event of an accident with oil spill, the impacts would reach the entire southern coast of Bahia and the coast of Espírito Santo, besides the Abrolhos complex and some reefs and mangroves. Still, the areas were released by the President of the Institute, Eduardo Bim, to integrate the auction.
In the action, the MPF considers the isolated act of Bim illegal, which ignored the opinion of the technical body of the presiding organ.
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