Is the future of energy in clean generation?

The year 2020 was a major change in all sectors. In the energy sector, we have seen the strengthening of the importance of clean energy generation as a more sustainable alternative for the planet. Several oil giants (such as British Petroleum and Equinor) during that year signaled investments in this green market. In Brazil, according to the Brazilian Association of Photovoltaic Solar Energy (Absolar), 2020 represented a 130% growth in photovoltaic solar power generation systems compared to the previous year. The trend is that this and other renewable sectors will continue to grow.

Another trend has been the floating solar power plant. It basically works like the solar plant on land, but is installed on the surface of the water. It is most used in projects for the production of large loads of energy, not being indicated for houses or small rural properties. They have been growing in Brazil: in early 2020, two private companies and the government of São Paulo installed a floating power plant at The Billings Dam, in the state capital, with a capacity of 100 kilowatt-peak (KWp).

Hybridization, combining hydroelectric and floating panels, also seems to be promising. Aneel (National Electric Energy Agency) opened a public consultation last October to discuss hybrid and associated power plants. According to the agency, "hybrid or associated plants can add efficiency gains to the electrical system, mainly related to the complementarity of generation and optimization of network use, reducing operating costs and postponing the need for new expansion investments."

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