Petrobras deinvests but seeks growth in energy

08Three years after the first and frustrated attempt to sell its thermoelectric park, Petrobras returns to the market. This time the offer is lower: will be 15 of its 26 mills, and not 21 as it was announced in 2016.

At the same time, the State will participate in the next government electricity auction, scheduled for October, in which it may increase its position in the thermoelectric power generation sector again. Now, in a different model.

“We look at this opportunity (energy auction), but in partnerships, either through the generation of thermoelectric, or as a gas supplier,” said Anelise Lara, director of refining and gas at Petrobrás, after a lecture at the Brazilian Institute of Petroleum, Natural gas and biofuels (IBP).

They are already registered for the auction, which will guarantee the delivery of electricity to the market in 2025, 52 projects of natural gas thermoelectric, with capacity of 41,718 megawatts.

Petrobras has a thermal generation capacity of 6140 megawatts in Brazilian states. Wanted, the state said that more details will be provided in a communiqué to the market. The sale of the thermoelectric will happen from 2020.

According to Anelise, the natural gas market in Brazil will grow in a more expressive way between 2023 and 2025, when the pre-salt gas projects are scheduled to enter the Santos basin. To reach the consumer, this production will have to rely on investments in logistics.

“Today, we buy gas from partners because there is no way to have other chargers in the process, so the need for revision of the model (gas market), inlet and outlet (gas pipelines), and the tax system, so that other actors can enter and Commercialize the gas itself, “he said.

Blackout

The thermoelectric park of the state began to be built in 2000, during the government Fernando Henrique Cardoso, to try to minimize the rationing of electricity that would come next, between July 2001 and February 2002. With the return of the rains, the government determined the shutdown of these plants, which caused damage to the state.

In recent years, however, with the emptying of hydroelectric reservoirs, due to periods of drought, thermoelectric have operated more frequently and should be further requested as the generation of wind and solar farms in the country increases.

As wind and solar generation is variable, that is, depends on the presence of sun and wind to function, the national interconnected system (SIN) needs the so-called basic generation to provide security to the power supply.

Previously, this role was fulfilled only by hydroelectric dams. However, with the higher frequency of droughts brought about by climate change, thermoelectric plants have a more relevant role for the stability of the system.

In February 2016, under the management of then-President Aldemir Bendine, today arrested by Operation Lava Jato, Petrobras announced that it intended to sell 21 thermal plants, gas pipelines and regasification terminals, business that did not go forward by obstacles Regulatory.

They are returning to the market now with the breakdown of the Petrobras monopoly, under the new gas market government program, launched last month.

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