Pre-salt: How resource distribution works

For almost seven years, the Supreme Court (Supreme Court) has maintained a certain rule for the distribution of pre-salt resources by virtue of action filed by the State of Rio de Janeiro. With this, there is a huge concentration of royalties in some cities and consequently, others suffer from with the little resource volume. For example, the new frontier of production around the Santos Basin that is creating a core of very rich municipalities.

Just like the South of Rio and the North of São Paulo, where the field lula is already responsible for one third of national oil and Maricá, a city in the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro, which has 157,000 inhabitants and will receive, in 2020, R$ 1.9 billion in royalties and participation petroleum special, according to projections from the ANP (National Petroleum Agency, Natural Gas and Biofuels).

In the past, Macaé and Campos dos Goytacazes were the beneficiaries, today, the coastal cities of Ilhabela (SP), Saquarema (RJ) and Niterói (RJ) also joined the group of those who receive resources.

However, this distribution system is unbalanced even between producing states and benefits few cities to the detriment of Most. São Gonçalo, in Rio, for example, with one million inhabitants, will receive only R$ 30 million in 2020.

What comes into play now are the R$ 59 billion of resources which will be distributed in 2020. For Ipea researcher Sergio Gobetti, “in addition to to produce a very unfair concentration of resources in a few hands, generates tax laziness and low quality of spending,” Gobetti told Exame magazine.


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