Pre-salt: How resource distribution works

For almost seven years, the Supreme Court (Supreme Court) maintains a certain rule for the distribution of pre-salt resources due to a lawsuit filed by the State of Rio de Janeiro. With this, there is a huge concentration of royalties in some cities and consequently others suffer from the low volume of appeal. For example, the new production frontier around the Santos Basin is creating a core of very wealthy municipalities.

As well as the south of Rio and the North of São Paulo, where lula’s field already accounts for one third of the national oil production and Maricá, a city in the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro, which has 157,000 inhabitants and will receive, in 2020, R$ 1.9 billion in royalties and special oil participation, according to projections from the ANP (National Petroleum Agency). , Natural Gas and Biofuels).

In the past, Macaé and Campos dos Goytacazes were the main beneficiaries, today, the coastal cities of Ilhabela (SP), Saquarema (RJ) and Niterói (RJ) also joined the group of those who receive the most resources.

However, this distribution system is unbalanced even among producing states and benefits few cities to the detriment of the majority. São Gonçalo, in Rio, for example, with one million inhabitants, will receive only R$ 30 million in 2020.

What comes into play now are the R$ 59 billion of the resources that will be distributed in 2020. According to Ipea researcher Sergio Gobetti, “in addition to producing a very unfair concentration of resources in a few hands, it generates tax laziness and low quality of spending,” Gobetti told Exame magazine.


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