Reduction of impacts generated by port residues in the sector

There is a major discussion regarding the regulation and management of port residues in Brazil. With a coastline of about 8500 kilometers navigable, Brazil has a maritime port sector consisting of public ports and several terminals of private use. The solid residues produced (from the activities of the port, the ships and the cargo) represent a problem of extreme relevance.

In Brazil, Antaq marks both operational residues and vessel residues among the main factors that cause the impact of the activity. The generation of solid waste, in general, has increased considerably in recent decades, as a consequence of the sharp industrial development, the commercial intensification and the change in consumption habits.

Port residues, in turn, are considered to be of particular complexity and a special threat to health and the environment. Typical operations and maintenance of terminals that generate common and hazardous waste. Besides these, there are residues from the loads, also common and dangerous and whose typology varies, obviously, according to the type of load. Finally, there are vessel residues, which are more heterogeneous and can be vehicles of biological and chemical hazards.

In order to minimize these impacts generated by waste, there are several international and national rules. The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78), which has Brazil with a signatory, dictates rules for preventing pollution from ship waste. According to art. 5th of the aforementioned law, all organized port, port installation and platform, as well as its support facilities, will have mandatory facilities or appropriate means for the receipt and treatment of the various types of waste and for the combat of pollution, Standards and criteria established by the relevant environmental agency.

For the receipt of waste vessels, there are some basic rules: ships must deliver their waste in the reception facilities before abandoning the port (proper segregation, packaged and sealed); shall deliver prior notification of the waste they will discharge (quantity, quality, reception facilities) and pay a mandatory fare to cover the costs of the reception facilities.

The National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA), as well as the International Agricultural Surveillance System (VIGIAGRO) have their own regulations to deal with the subject within their respective areas of operation.

The national Agency for Waterway Transport (ANTAQ) also has an important role in establishing norms and standards of quality of the port activity, including environmental nature. In addition, it represents Brazil with international shipping agencies, such as the International Maritime Organization (IMO), and in conventions, agreements and treaties on water transport.

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