There is a big discussion about regulation and port waste management in Brazil. With a coastline of about 8500 km navigable, Brazil has a sea port sector consisting of public ports and several private use terminals. The solid waste produced (from the activities of the port, ship and cargo), represent a problem of utmost relevance.
In Brazil, the ANTAQ points out both the operational waste as vessel residues between the main causative factors of impact of the activity. Solid waste generation, in General, has increased considerably in recent decades, as a result of the sharp industrial development, the intensification of trade and consumption habits change.
Port waste, in turn, are considered as of particular complexity and special threat to health and the environment. The typical activities of operation and maintenance of terminals that generate common and hazardous waste. In addition to these, there is the waste from the cargo, also common and dangerous and whose typology varies, of course, depending on the type of load. Finally, there is the vessel with greater heterogeneity that may be biological and chemical damages vehicles.
With the goal of minimizing these impacts generated by waste, there are various national and international specific regulations. The International Convention for prevention of pollution from ships (MARPOL 73/78), which has the Brazil with signatory, dictates rules for prevention of pollution by garbage from ships. According to the art. 5 of that Law, all organized port, port facility and platform, as well as their supporting facilities, will have obligatorily of facilities or adequate means for the receipt and processing of various types of waste and to combat pollution, in compliance with the standards and criteria established by the competent environmental agency.
For receiving waste from ships, there are a few basic rules: vessels must deliver their waste into reception facilities before leaving the port (adequate segregation, packed and sealed); shall deliver notice of waste that will download (quantity, quality, reception) and pay a fee to cover the cost of the reception facilities.
The national agency of sanitary surveillance (ANVISA), as well as the Agricultural monitoring system international (VIGIAGRO) have their own regulations to deal with the issue within their respective areas of expertise.
The national agency of waterway transportation (ANTAQ) also has an important role to establish norms and standards of quality of port activities, including environmental character. In addition, represents the Brazil along the international agencies, such as the International Maritime Organization (IMO), and at conventions, agreements and treaties on water transport.ACESSE AS REDES DA PANORAMA OFFSHORE: