Industrial technology converts waste into energy

Garbage accumulation is a social and ecological problem worldwide. According to the World Bank, two billion tons of municipal solid waste are generated per year on the planet. With the growth of cities and populations, over-residue becomes increasingly worrying. In this way, countries from various parts of the world bet on the consolidation of the industry with technology as a sustainable economic solution.

Denmark, for example, recently inaugurated in Copenhagen an innovative power-saving plant known as Copenhill or Amager Bakke, and is shaped like a ski slope (pictured). The plant operates the basis of burning waste rather than fossil fuels, and is able to convert up to 450,000 tons of waste into energy per year, providing electricity and urban heating to thousands of inhabitants.

Despite having a sustainable goal, the project is still produces carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, one of the biggest cause of greenhouse effect due to burning. However, the Danish capital wants to install a carbon capture system through the incineration process and storage, or use it commercially.

Burning garbage and turning it into energy is an excellent initiative for the preservation of the environment. However, before thinking about construction of a plant for this purpose, it is necessary to obtain a infrastructure and a strong on-site waste collection system. In Oslo, Norway, already exists a superintelligent model of garbage collection.

Since 2012, Norway’s capital has been using different colors for different types of waste. Green bags contain waste food and blue, plastic. When collected, the bags are taken to units and separated through an “optical” screening, which operates by sophisticated optical reading technology and detects the color of the bags with accuracy odds of 98%.


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