Understand the oil-caused disaster on the coast

As of August 30, an oil leak spread across nine northeastern states. The pollutant was identified in a range of more than 2,000 kilometers off the Brazilian coast and analyses indicated that crude oil, of unknown origin and type not produced in Brazil. According to the Navy and Petrobras, the substance was hydrocarbon, known as tar and is the same at all points analyzed.

It all started in the Northeast with stains in Paraíba and Sergipe and then spread to the other places. Recently, O oil also expanded to the Southeast, reaching beaches in Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro. According to researchers, it is the largest area ever affected by a disaster of its kind.

The spill caused several damage to ecosystems in the regions. Currently, according to data released by Ibama (Brazilian Institute of environment and renewable natural resources), there are already 889 locations affected by oil. Among them are 128 municipalities and 11 states affected. In addition, there are 154 oiled animals and 108 have died. Activities that depend on the sea, such as fishing, have also been impaired.

More than three months since the first oil stains were seen on the Brazilian coast, it is not yet known who is to blame for the Disaster. The Federal Police even pointed out the tanker Bouboulina, Greek company Delta Tankers, as possible guilty, but investigations have not yet been completed. Delta Tankers has denied involvement in the disaster.

Ibama, the Navy and an anp (National Agency for Oil, Natural Gas and Biofuels), which form the so-called GAA (Monitoring and Evaluation Group), are responsible for monitoring and controlling the situation. In addition, professionals from the army, Petrobras and ICMBio (Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation) are also working in the locals, seeking to combat disaster as soon as possible.