Last week came into force the state law No. 8.006/18 that prohibits the distribution of plastic bags in supermarkets. The measure was published on June 25, 2018. The establishments had a year to adapt. According to the new law, large companies must supply bags with recyclable or biodegradable materials. The plastic bags are made from petroleum derivatives and the bags made of vegetable fibers, such as sugarcane and maize, enter into place. There are two types of packaging: the green bag, which can be reused in the purchases and will also serve to deliver the recycled waste to the waste pickers cooperatives and the grey bag, for the organic waste.
The Brazilian program actually spoke with the author of the law, State Congressman Carlos Minc (PSB), about how the measure will work and what should change in the coming days. According to the parliamentarian, the state of Rio currently produces four billion plastic bags per year. "Our goal is already in the first year to draw two billion plastic bags from the environment. We want less pollution, less carbon emission, we want to defend the marine biodiversity, protect the families from the floods and support the cooperatives of waste pickers, "he said.
The reduction in the number of bags distributed will help the environment that is contaminated by traditional bags and also cities, since the bags are responsible for cloaking mangoes, canals and cause floods.
The proposal is already old and has been transformed into law in the city of São Paulo since 2015. There the result was fast: in three years the government managed to take 85% of the packaging of the environment. The law of Rio Vale not only for the capital, but for the whole state, and has some differences compared to the paulistana norm. In the Fluminense law there is a limitation in the value of the bags, which must correspond to the cost value of the same and come described in the invoice. Here the change must reach in a second phase commercial establishments as a whole, different from the law prevailing in São Paulo that only deals with supermarkets.
Establishments that do not comply can be punished up to R $43 thousand according to the infringement and recurrence. " Fortunately the supermarkets are adhering, the whole media has diffused a lot. People ask how they're going to do it with organic junk? The organic waste, the gray bags are for this, and you will need much less because they are much more resilient and hold a much higher weight, "explained Carlos Minc.
Supermarkets will be required to have a voluntary delivery point (ENP) so that customers can leave their waste recycled. This material will be passed on to waste pickers ' cooperatives and the expectation of the parliamentarian is that it ends up generating more employment and income in these locations. According to Minc, everyone will win since the city currently has an expense of R$60 per tonne of garbage placed in landfills. "If you decrease the capacity of garbage generated, besides being a gain for families, it will be a gain for the prefecture that will spend less money with the final disposal of the trash," he concluded.
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